society’s void of the family unit, religion and
society’s apparent lack of morals and corrupt behaviour during the roaring twenties.
Huxley believed that the future was doomed to a non-individualistic,
conformist society, a society void of the family unit, religion and human
emotions. Throughout the novel, Huxley predicts many events for the future,
most of which concentrate on a morally corrupt society. The most important
of these predictions include: greater sexual freedom, over-population,
brain-washing/sleep-teaching, and the use of mind altering drugs. Aldous
Huxley’s Brave New World warns of a possible future dystopia, based on
social attitudes and medical advancements of his time.
Huxley’s future dystopia is created largely by perverted sexual
freedoms, which in turn cause corrupt individuals, entirely lacking ethics
and morals. Sexual promiscuity appears to be a much more frequent activity
now then it was in the Thirties. Critics blame “…the advent of the pill
for declining morality and indiscriminate sexual activity.” Many believe
that each time medicine reduces the risk of unwanted diseases and
pregnancies, society, on the whole, will increase its sexual activity.
Huxley’s prediction of promiscuity is based on his iron law of sexuality:
“As political and economic freedom diminishes, sexual freedom tends
compensatingly to increase.” A current example of Huxley’s belief is China.
China is the last remaining communist regime, it also suffers from having
one fifth of the world’s population within its borders. Needless to say,
China’s large population is a direct result of a very sexually active
society. Aldous Huxley’s fears of the future caused him to write about
sexual freedom and the resulting over-population in Brave New World.
Over-population is another problem which is addressed by Huxley,
and is the direct result of sexual freedom. The fear which Huxley addresses
concerning population control is: “Food supplies cannot grow as fast as
people can, and population growth in underdeveloped countries will jeopardize
the world order.” Simply stated the growing population of earth will
consume more than it will be able to produce, unless some form of regulating
births can be created. This is an obvious truth today, as millions of
people are starving each day. The brave new world that Huxley speaks of,
is a warning to mankind concerning its destruction of the laws of nature.
For example, marriage is forbidden, as well as, pregnancies, and mothers
are non-existent because possible children result in abortion.
In Brave New World over-population is solved by society’s ability
to produce as many or as few humans as are necessary to keep the population
at equilibrium. The solution is test-tube babies or “bottled babies” as
they are referred to in the book. Effective birth control of such a large
population is difficult to achieve, especially in a society where people are
encouraged to be sexually active with numerous partners. Today, the world
is facing over-population head on, with mixed results. Abortions are not
readily accepted by most, and birth control in third world countries is
virtually impossible. Huxley realizes the problem with mass birth control,
and solves it by making seventy percent of the female population sterile,
while only thirty percent of the women remain fertile. By leaving thirty
percent of the women fertile, Huxley is able to show that even though birth
control on a large scale is difficult, it is possible to achieve. Through
the religious use of contraceptives, pregnancies rarely occur, however,
when a pregnancy does occur it results in an immediate abortion. Huxley’s
fear of over-population and the control of so many people is an obvious
concern which comes to light in Brave New World.
Brain-washing is suggested by Aldous Huxley in the form of manipulating
individuals, rather than the masses. While brain-washing and sleep-teaching
are different (the former being done while the subject is awake, and the
latter being done while the subject is asleep), both methods employed by
Huxley, act upon the subconscious to obtain the same final results. Prior
to Brave New World, Huxley researched the Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov
and his experiments on dogs. The Pavlovian dog was subjected to highly
stressful conditions, this was done to teach the dog how to react to
certain stimuli. The end results of these tests were dogs who had been
broken, became mentally insane. Prime human examples are the veterans of