Albania temperatures average about 5 °C in the

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Albania is
located on the continent of Europe, country in Southeastern Europe. Albania
is  close  by Montenegro to the northwest,  Greece to the south and southeast,  Kosovo
to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east. Neighbouring
countries are: Macedonia, Serbia, Kosovo Montenegro and  Greece.  Albania covers 27,398 square kilometers of
land and 1,350 square kilometers of water. The 
area of this country is 28,748 km². Albanian population  is 2.8
million people. The capital city is Tirana. Albania is composed of two major regions: a western coastal
lowland region and a mountainous highland region.

     Albanian climate
is Mediterranean, with dry, hot summer and cool, wet winters in the lowlands. The lowlands of
Albania usually  have mild winters, the
average is  about 7 °C. And summer
temperatures average 32 °C however, humidity is low. In the southern
lowlands the Ionian sea, temperatures average about 5 °C in the
winter and 30 °C during the summer. Lowland rainfall averages
from 1,000 millimeters to more than 1,500 millimeters  annually,
with the higher levels in the north.  Mostly 95% of the rain falls in the winter. .

     The majority of
the population in Albania  speaks the
Albanian language and  is also the
country’s official language.  There is a minority   in the country  that speaks their own native languages like
Greek, Romani, , Macedonian etc. The most popular foreign languages spoken in Albania are
Italian and English. Albanian language serves as the mother tongue of 98.76% of
the population of the country. There are several dialects of Albanian. The two most
important spoken  dialects are  Gheg that is spoken on North and Tosk that is
spoken on South. Some other dialects of Albanian that are spoken outside the
country in Italy and Greece are  Cham, Arvanitika,
, Arbereshe etc.

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The Albanian traditional music is called folk music. The country  it’s extremely rich with a variety of musical
instruments used to accompany the voice and folk dances. The  common traditional instrument is the
lahute  in the north, and saze  in the south. Some other musical instruments
also include Çiftelia, Sharkia, Bicula, Zumarja, Fyelli etc.  The folk music in Albania it is
different  style in the North when
compared to the South. There are also differences in style of songs between the
north and south of Albania. In  north the
music is  generally expressed with
mountain epic songs of historical and heroic themes, while songs in the South
have a more relaxed and gentle tone taking the form of ballads love songs,
wedding songs to work songs, laments etc.

     The most-commonly practiced Religion in
Albania is Islam and  the second  religion is Christianity.  Islam 58.79%, Roman Catholicism 10.02,
Eastern Orthodoxy 6.75%, Bektashi 2.09%, Evangelism 0.14%, Atheism 2.50%, 5.50%
Nondenominational and 16.30% Others. Compared to the populations of other
countries, few Albanians consider religion to be a dominant factor in their
lives. Religion
plays an important role in the lives of only 39% of Albanians. Muslims and Christians in Albania have
created a strong relationship between each other they do not have any
conflicts.  Albania is ranked
among the least religious countries in the world.

    Albanian people celebrate different festivals
and holidays. One
of the largest is the Summer Festival. It is celebrated on March 14 this
happens at  the end of winter, the
rebirth of nature and a rejuvenation of spirit amongst the Albanians. Gjirokastër
National Folklore Festival is an artistic music festival that takes place every
5 years and it is the most important event in Albanian culture. This festival
promotes Albanian traditional music, dress and dance from Albania, the
Diasporas, and Albanian inhabited lands throughout the Balkans. Magical Song is
another major musical event in Albanian. This is a great mixture of singers and
bands from Albania and neighboring countries. One of the most important Albanian
holiday is Independence Day  and it  is celebrated on November 28.  On March 8 Albanians celebrate the Mother’s
Day  for children it is a tradition  is to give a simple gift of a mimosa sprig.  Albanians celebrate Christmas and New Year
Eve by staying up past midnight where fireworks are involved.  They usually spent with family and friends
and there are usually large feasts, sweets and drinking.
Some other Albanian holidays are Teacher’s Day, National Youth Day, Bayram Day, Islamic holiday
celebrating the end of Ramadan, Mother Teresa Day, Children’s Day, May Day, Liberation
Day, April’s Fool Day, etc.

    In Albania many dressing options are available.
Adults and young people usually wear jeans, miniskirts, etc . Anyways,  traditional clothing still exists among
Albanian people.  Old people still
commonly dress in traditional wear. Traditional  clothes are made by specialized craftsmen and
women with wool, cotton  and silk. It is
decorated with symbols, embroidered, colors, themes like the Albanian eagle,
incorporating gold and silver. Women clothes usually consists of bright and
colorful embroidery and rich in detail. Everywhere in Albania old women’s  dress
in traditional wear. And  for men
includes a white kilt, called a Fustanella, white felt hat, called Qeleshe, long pant called Tirqe that are worn
with a long-sleeved jacket.  Every hat
has a different type of shape according to the different Albanian regions. The
traditional shoes are called Opinga. They are made in different type of
shapes and colours and are   are
worn by both men and women.

    Eliza Patricia Dushku is an Albanian-Danish-American
actress and model. She was born on December 30, 1980. She came to Albania from
USA to make a Documentary about Albania and she traveled to 15 cities within
the borders of Albania to discover more about the little-known country. The
documentary is called Dear Albania. Lot of people saw this documentary
about Albania because she lot of people know her, they got to see how beautiful
this country is. Some people did not even know that this country exists but
just because of this documentary they got to know a lot of things about
Albania. After this documentary  lot of
people were interested to visit Albania and the number of tourists started to increase.
This documentary shows how beautiful 
Albania is and how it provides everything you could want out of a
vacation (wonderful seafood, fresh farms, affordability, culture, and history),
but it’s also surrounded by a nation of people who are some of the kindest,
most welcoming people you can ever meet.     

Categories: Dance


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