According the same class, with whom they

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According to Nietzsche, The first
essay in his book “Genealogy of Morality” that there are two kinds of morals that
is master morality and the slave morality. For master morality, good is the
powerful beautiful, and glorious while bad is the weak and the ugly. Slave
morality on the other hand call the masters evil for having no reservations on
how they use their power over the weak. This therefore makes the compassionate
and the respectful weak good. What Nietzsche seeks to establish is that the
difference between the good and bad and the good and evil is a querry of where
the assessment originates.

Nietzsche begins the session by
explaining his dissatisfaction with the English psychologists who have
attempted to explain the meaning of morality. The English psychologists claimed
that “good” referred to unegoistic useful actions by the people who benefited
from such actions. He says that to get the true meaning of good, one should
look at the etymology of some of the words and phrases used to describe this
concept. His approach to finding the meaning of good is that it was associated
with nobility and badness with simpleness and the common man. This inspired his
idea of good and bad and good and evil.

Good was initially used by the noble
class to approve their actions. The noble men are the healthy, the courageous
and the powerful in the society. Their powerful nature is kept in check by
those who belong in the same class, with whom they share traditions, customs
and mutual respect. This people however behave differently among foreigners
where they engage in acts such as murder and rape hence the term barbaric that
foreigners use to describe them. These people rule by instinct and they include
the Greeks and the Romans. The position of the power of the noble men decide
what is to be called good and what is to be called bad. The powerful live
truthful lives whereas the low. Poor commoners are liars and cowards who
therefore become bad. He also uses the German dictionary to define “bad” as
being plain and simple. The commoners are simple thus “bad”.

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The noble men whom he refers as
blonde conquers the dark haired Europeans in war. Good is associated with war
while the blacks who were conquered by the blonde appeared as bad. Thus the
nobble men call what is desirable to them “good” and that which is undesirable
“bad”. The master morality contrasts “good” and “bad”.

On the other hand, those who hated
and opposed the masters engineered the slave morality. According to Nietzsche,
slave morality kicks in where the slaves, the poor and the unhealthy hate and
resent the power of their masters and they call their masters “evil” and call
themselves “good”. The slave morality therefore contrasts the “evil” and the
“good”. Slave morality starts off when resentment becomes the driving force. It
is negative and reactive in that it renounces and denies everything that is
different from it. He uses the priest caste to describe slave morality. The
word pure as used by the priests means observing cleanliness, good diet and
abstaining from sexual relations. The priests who are majorly the Jews are weak
and cannot conquer the warriors or the noble class by relying on physical
strength. They therefore result in inverting the morals and the value system of
the noble class. The attributes of the master class that are good to them now
become “evil”. That which is not evil then becomes “good”.

According to Nietzsche, both the
slave and master morality might be not be as truthful but the master morality
is more truthful. According to Greeks who comprised the noble classes, the
lower classes were unhappy but the nobles saw themselves as naturally happy. The
contempt they received from the lower class was due to the gap created in
between. The slaves resented the noble man for being happy and instead called
him “evil” so as to gain reassurance. The noble man is strong and cannot lead
the ways of the slaves who are characterized by resentment, misfortunes enmity
and accidents. The slave makes resentment, and scheming part of his life,
always plotting evil against the noble man. The slave basically becomes “evil”
and the nobleman basically becomes “good”. The noble man develops the concept
of “bad” as an after though just as the slave develops the concept of “good” as
an afterthought.

Therefore, although bad and evil
might be seen as opposites of good, the noble man’s “good” is what the noble
slave man calls “evil”.  The “good” that
was once a will of the healthy and the strong barbarians is now dominated by
the lower class. The bad as voiced by the noble class is a passing contempt
towards the lower class. The noble man lives in the present and does not allow
anger to consume him.  The lower class on
the other hand lets resentment consume them and it takes up the largest share
of their energy. Their focus is non in the present and instead builds strong
hope and cleverness to attack the noble man’s works as being evil. Nietzsche
attacks slave morality for being extremely harsh on the noble man. Christianity
for instance, wishes the noble man eternal damnation for being evil and for
themselves eternal life for being good. The weak are forced to submit in this
world ruled by mean and ruthless noble men, they imagine that in the new
Kingdom of God, the last shall be first and the first last. The lower slave
will be rewarded for being “good” while the noble man will be punished for
being “evil”.  In his, analysis although
he says that he shows favors no side, the slave morality is on the losing side
while the master morality is winning.

The above analysis tries to
understand the deference between bad and good and evil and good, According to
Nietzsche, the good and the bad was a concept of the master morality while the
concept of the evil and the good is a concept of the slave morality. The nobble
men are rich, powerful, healthy and happy and these are the good attributes.
Whatever or whoever does not possess these attributes is seen as bad. On the
other hand, the lower class developed a strong resentment towards the rich and
called their deeds evil and their good. The difference thus lies in the
assessment begins. The noble man develops the concept of “bad” as an after though
just as the slave develops the concept of “good” as an afterthought.


Categories: Traditions


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