Doctor and a crucial piece in the puzzle(Glancy

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Doctor Manettes Role In A Tale of Two Cities
James Kosky
College English 249-09
Mr. Walsh
December 19, 2000

Kosky 1
James Kosky
Mr. Walsh
College English
December 19, 2000
Doctor Manettes Role in A Tale of Two Cities
Individual characters often exist as the heart of the novel. They contain dynamic characteristics and occupy a central position in the novel. In A Tale of Two Cities Charles Dickens uses Doctor Manette as the core of his novel, Doctor Manette is a worthy hero and a crucial piece in the puzzle(Glancy 75). His personality and story thrusts him into the spotlight throughout the book. The novel revolves around his character.
A Tale of Two Cities evolved from Doctor Manettes story. He has witnessed the aftermath of a rape and assault committed by two twin nobles, the Evrmondes, and is forbidden to speak of it; the things that you see here are things to be seen and not spoken of (Dickens 325). But when Manette tries to report these crimes he is locked up in the Bastille. The novel is then built up through Doctor Manettes cruel and unjustified imprisonment and the events following his release from prison(Lindsay 103). That is how he becomes the core of the novel.
Upon the opening of the novel Dr. Manette is a weak and horrific man. He is a man recalled to life (Dickens 24) from an eighteen-year imprisonment and has the appearance of an aged man having white hair and a ragged face; he is a ghost, the empty shell of a man (Glancy 69). He is very confused, so confused he cannot recall any of his past or even
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remember his name. The experience of oppressive misery has not merely twisted himit has broken down the whole system of memory in his psyche (Lindsay 104). He is a mere victim of the past. Dr. Manette has been driven mad, broken and goaded into a destroying curse, by eighteen years of unjust imprisonment in the Bastille (Johnson 30). He is too accustomed to imprisonment to be able to bear freedom, which was true of many prisoners during the Revolution. But he is resurrected at the sight of his daughter, who stimulates the memory of his wife with her threads of gold, or her golden hair. It is the likeness between Lucie and her mother that brings him back from the dead. Lucie Manette is the primary reconciler and preserver- her golden thread represents an attempt to weave together factions (Kucich 68). Doctor Manette is brought back to physical and mental health due to one person, his daughter.
Doctor Manette continues to be a dual personality, half Lucies father, restored to life, half her mothers husband, the ghostly dug-up remains of an eighteen year burial (Glancy 70). Because of the presence of his daughter in his life, Doctor Manette was able to retain the life he once knew, a life of mental stability and becomes the man once known by Lucies mother, and the sound of her Lucie voice, the light of her face, the touch of her hand, had a strong beneficial influence with him Doctor Manette (Dickens 76). Even when he is just around Lucie he becomes a totally different man, on his speaking to his daughter-he became a handsome man, not past the prime of his life (Dickens 73). Lucie is a devoted daughter and takes good care of her father and Doctor Manette would do just about anything for his daughter, if there were any fancies, any reasons, any apprehensions, anything whatsoever,
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new or old, against the man she Lucie really loved- the direct responsibility thereof not lying on his head- they should all be obliterated for her sake. She is everything to me; more to me than suffering, more to me than wrong(Dickens 162-163). Doctor Manette is willing to sacrifice his happiness for Charles Darnay and his daughter. Manette even pushes aside his natural antipathy (Dickens 413) towards the Evrmonde family, whom Darnay is an ancestor of. But Doctor Manette is still reminded of his dreadful experience in the Bastille and relapses into a terrible physical and mental state that only Lucie can cure.

These lapses are beyond the doctors control, though

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Resurrection dead, but certain areas of this resurrection

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“Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt” (Daniel 12:2). This is basically the definition or example of what resurrection is. This was shown when the Lord told this quote to Daniel. Although in A Tale of Two Cities, by Charles Dickens, resurrection isn’t literally used as being awoken from the dead, but certain areas of this resurrection are certainly related. Not only is resurrection shown to the reader on a physical level as the Bible shows it, but it is also shown through spiritually and mentally. Several characters are examples to these three different parts of resurrection. Charles Dickens uses resurrection in his novel, A Tale of Two Cities, to give the reader enlightenment and break, due to the horrible time period and bloody nature, during the revolutionary time period, the novel takes place in.
Many individuals will say that resurrection is another word for being “Recalled to Life,” as in the title of book one. Being “Recalled to Life,” can be shown on a mental, physical, and spiritual level, just the same as resurrection. Dickens gives the reader a taste of being “Recalled to Life,” right off the bat, when Mr. Lorry, in his stagecoach, is set out for Dover to bring Dr. Manette back to England, sends Jerry Cruncher to Tellson’s Bank with the message, “Recalled to Life.” Then as the coach lurches on towards its destination, he falls asleep and dreams. “After such imaginary discourse, the passenger inhis fancy would dig, and dig, dig, –now, with a spade, now with a great key, now with his hands-to dig this wretched creature out” (p.47). Not only is the term “Recalled to Life” used towards the beginning of the book, but the term is also used threoughout the novel.
Due to Dr. Mannette’s rescue, he is a definate example of being “Recalled to Life.” He has been in prison for nearly eighteen full years of mental torment and when he got out, he was asked the question, “you know that you are recalled to life” (p.46). Due to Manette’s mental and spiritual resurrection from his imprisonment, he no longer calls or refers to himself as “105 North Tower” (p.73). Although he knew he had a daughter, he never had a relationship with her. He is spiritually resurrected with his daughter when they first meet. She, Lucie Manette, forms a relationship with him, which makes Dr. Manette never want to leave her. “The Doctor was in his best condition, and looked specially young. The resemblence between him and Lucie was very strong at such times, and as they sat side by side, she leaning on his shoulder, and he resting his arm on the back of her chair, it was very agreeable to trace the likeness” (p.130). Not only does Lucie spiritually resurrect her father, but she also mentally resurrects him. Throughout the novel, Dr. Manette has gone through several mental tragic time periods. It seems that the only one to revive him to his normal health was his daughter Lucie.
In the novel, Dickens uses Jerry Cruncher to give the reader some laughter. He is taken as humorous character, which gives the readers a definate break in the Victorian Times. Jerry, a man with not too many feelings, he, at first, has his own way of resurrection. To be physically resurrected would be to actually be taken by hand and be removed from the dead, and this is exactly what Jerry does. Dickens refers to Jerry as-a man that digs up bodies for a living-as being a “Resurrection Man.” Dickens refers to him as a “Resurrection Man” because during the Victorian Times, when the revolution took place, people who dug up graves would be called “Resurrection Men.” To Jerry and his son he is only going, so called “fishing,” at midnight. What Jerry is actually doing is resurrecting dead individuals physically by hand. Due to being a poor man, this is the only way he can make his money. He takes all the rich valuables from the graves and sells the bodies to scientists to work on.

There were also two characters that took part in a spiritual resurrection. John Barsad and Roger Cly both faked their deaths due to not getting physically killed by their duties of being spies. To Jerry, he thought that he would be able to go “fishing” on the night of the burial and “catch” something that is valuable. Jerry didn’t end up catching anything and finally spilled to someone that Barsad and Cly’s burials were hoaxes. This was not smart on Jerry’s behalf, because it made Jerry change his proffesion.

Towards the end of the book, Cruncher has gone through a period of spiritual and mental resurrection. Due to Dickens love of the Bible, Cruncher has gone from horrible to awesome, which is an example of what a disciple would do. Cruncher realized that he should stop hurting his wife, because she is doing it for his own good. Cruncher has changed by making amends for his so called, “honest trade” by turning undertaker, burying the dead instead of raising them. Before, when he used to dig up bodies, he disliked his wife praying for him to get better. Whenever he would come home without “catching anything,” and would find his wife praying, he would beat her. “I’m not going to be made unlucky by your sneaking. If you must go flopping yourself down, flop in favour of your husband and child” (p.86). Later, Cruncher had made a vow to “never no more will I interfere with Mrs. Cruncher’s flopping.”
Darnay also took a part in resurrection. Charles Darnay’s-Lucie Manette’s husband-soul has been spiritually resurrected and saved from being killed. Due to being an Evermonde and for potraying his own family, he was taken to prison and was supposed to be killed. He was physically resurrected after all the several times Dr. Manette had save him, but it wasn’t enough. Barsad would always seem to find a way to get him back to prison and was able to give him the death sentence. Although the final day of his life came and it turned out a happy one on his part. “The door was quickly opened and closed, and there stood before him face toface, quiet, intent, upon him, with the light of a smile on his features, and a cautionary finger on his lip, Sydney Carton” (p.379). Sydney Carton rescued and exchanged places with him, due to their similar appearance. Darnay now was able to be with his wife and kids.

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Not only were there several characters that introduced and set examples for resurrection, but the main character was, Sydney Carton. Carton, through his earlier years in the novel, was a sinful man with horrible habits. Whenever he would get upset, he would drink until he passed out. “He resorted to his pint of wine for consoltation, drandk it all in a few minutes, and fell asleep on his arms, with his hair straggling over the table, and a long winding-sheet in the candle dripping down upon him” (p.116). Due to the love of Lucie, he had changed the ways he lived and acted throughout the novel. Carton made a promise to Lucie in the beginning of the novel saying that he would do anything for Lucie, even die for her. This promise was never broken. “It is far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever dine, it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have ever known” (p.404). Through these words Carton recognizes that by sacrificing his life for Darnay, a loved one of Lucie, he will be doing the best thing that he has ever done and can do. Carton is finally satisfied with himself, he is no longer a drunken fool, but a hero that now can live or die withhimself. By dying and saving Darnay for Lucie, Sydney Carton is “Recalled to Life.” Carton’s death is an example of spiritual resurrection and it related to the Christian Sacrifice and love. When Carton makes his decision to die for Lucie, the New Testament verse “I am the Resurrection and the Life, saith the Lord: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosever liveth and believeth in me, shall never die” (p.342), nearly became Carton’s theme song. The words were repeated a last time at the moment Carton dies. This may be a metaphor to Christ’s death, because although Christ died to wash away a clean man’s accumulated sins, Carton died to wipe away his own sins that he had caused.
Dickens used Carton as an example of a turnaround in the revolution. After all the bloodshed and gore that the characters have gone through, this gives the novel a sad, but yet new beginning to a new world rising through the ashes of the revolution. Carton saw, before his death, how the world was going to change and he also viewed a long life for Lucie and her family that was made posibble by his sacrifice. “I see the lives for which I lay down my life, peaceful, useful, prosperous and happy, in that England which I shall see no more” (p.404). Later Carton was spiritually resurrected by Lucie and her family when they had another child named after Carton.

As one can see, the revolution was a harsh and horrible experince to go through. Several deaths took place, which seemed, in those days, the center of attention. Every time there was a death sentence case, it seemed that, “a cloud of blue-flies were swarming about the prisoner, in anticipation of what he was soon to become” (p.97). Dickens uses the theme resurrection to give the reader a break in the tragic story of violence. Since Dickens is a Christian man, he felt he had to give the reader a touch of the Bible throughout his writngs of A Tale of Two Cities.

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Throughout their sacrifice, others could have life. Carton’s

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Throughout the book, A Tale of Two Cities the theme of sacrifice is used to help the reader realize the cost of life, as well as to develop the plot through the effects of those sacrifices. Through the characters of Sydney Carton, Dr. Manette, and Ms. Pross the theme of sacrifice is developed. The theme of sacrifice brings key aspects of the plot together, and Carton’s sacrifice brings the novel to closer in the end.

Sydney Carton paid the highest cost of sacrifice with his life, and in doing so he was very similar to Jesus Christ. Carton laid down his life for a man who had never done anything for him and who in fact had abused his relationship as demonstrated on page 191 when Carton describes himself in Darnay’s view as “a dissolute dog who has never done any good, and never will.” Similarly Jesus Christ let himself be beaten, abused, and killed for the same people who spit in his face. Other people in both cases thought that Jesus and Carton were not thought to be much more that dogs, while they both sacrificed their lives so these people who treated them like dogs could live. Both Carton’s and Jesus’ sacrifice was inspired by a deep desperate love for which they were willing to do anything. Carton was willing to die for Lucie because of his desperate, scandalous love for her, just as Jesus showed his love for man when he was willing to give up his life for every man. This level of love makes the sacrifice even more valuable and brings things to closure. Finally, Carton and Jesus both knew that through their sacrifice, others could have life. Carton’s death breathed life into Darnay just as Jesus Christ’s death breathes life into those who trust in him. The importance of their death is that it brings life. The role of Carton’s sacrifice in the plot is that the cost of life is sometimes high. Through his sacrifice the cost and privilege of living can be measured, just as Christians can see the true cost and privilege of life through Jesus Christ’s sacrifice.

Dr. Manette also sacrificed much of his life by giving up his own personal goals and agenda for Lucie. On page 125 Dr. Manette says, “any fancies, any reasons, and apprehensions, anything whatsoever, new or old against the man she really lovedthey shall all be obliterated for her sake.” Dr. Manette was willing to relinquish his own personal feelings or perhaps “rights” so that Lucie may be happy. He set aside, “anything whatsoever” in order for Lucie to marry the man she loves. Dr. Manette did anything he could to save Darnay from death, even to the point where Madame Defarge mocked him saying, “Save him now, my Doctor save him!” Dr. Manette had always been suspicious about Darnay, but he put aside his doubts in to Make Lucie happy. Deep down he knew that Darnay was an Evermond, but he sacrificed his own feelings for Lucie’s feelings. Thirdly, Dr. Manette gave up all of his desires, hopes, thoughts of revenge for Lucie, as demonstrated when he says, “She is everything to me; more to me than suffering, more to me than wrong, more to me.” Dr. Manette had years of anger and revenge stored up him from when he was imprisoned, yet he forgot about all of it and only tried to make Lucie happy and make up for the many years he had lost. Dr. Manette’s pain was so great that he often reverts to the insanity that was caused from his imprisonment, while he still does everything he can even though his pain is so great that he can not physically control it. Manette laid down his life so that Lucie could fully live.

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Ms. Pross sacrificed her life day by day for Lucie to have a better life. Ms. Pross simply devoted her life to Lucie, and her well being which is shown when Mr. Lorry describes Ms. Pross’s devotion, “there is nothing better in the world than the faithful service of the heart; so rendered and so free from any mercenary taint” (87). Ms. Pross was sacrificed things everyday by simply being devoted to Lucie. She did everything she could so that Lucie could have the best possible life. Ms. Pross’s devotion is demonstrated once again on page 86 when she is described as, “one of those unselfish creatures found only among women who will for pure love and admiration, bind themselves willing slaves, to youth when they have lost it, to beauty that they never had, to accomplishments that they were never fortunate enough to gain and to bright hopes that never shined upon their own somber lives.” Ms. Pross sacrificed her hopes and dreams so that Lucie might have her own hopes and dreams fulfilled. Ms. Pross did not have all the beauty and fortune in the world, but she lived so that Lucie might someday. Ms. Pross’s ultimate sacrifice of devotion was when she put her own life at risk to save Lucie’s along with others, as she struggled with Madame Defarge to protect their safety. Because Ms. Pross was diligent enough to make sure that Lucie’s trip was safe; Lucie’s life was saved, at what could have cost Ms. Pross her life. By Ms. Pross’s willingness to do anything for Lucie, Lucie’s life was saved.

Ultimately, it was the sacrifices made by people like Ms. Pross and Sydney Carton that allowed people to live. Through their numerous sacrifices, the value of life is measured in A Tale of Two Cities, and their sacrifices give life to a time that was filled with much more death than life. Just as Jesus’ sacrifice allowed people to have life, the sacrifices of Dr. Manette, Ms. Pross, and Carton allowed people to live.

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