today’s economically developed and industrially expanding world, there is a
need of industrial (work) peace in the course of employment in order to
progress and conserve the delicate balance between the development and survival
of a smooth economy of a country. Any friction between the employer and the
employee can lead to mayhem and disharmony causing a dent or temporary
interruption in the system. No company, industry or any job providing
institution can ever afford to face a disruption between the employer and
employee because the work can never stop. It needs to continue, produce,
provide and keep running no matter what.

Labour Organization (ILO), an agency of the United Nations (UN), which came
into existence in the year 1919, has the function of promoting the rights of
workers or labours at work, social protection enhancements, reasonable
employment opportunities, etc. in the work related issues. This paper will thus
focus on one of the primary functions of the ILO, i.e., the setting up,
promotion and implementation of the required minimum international labour
standards in order to sustain good, cooperative and beneficial industrial
relations. It deals with the bringing and implementing of Conventions,
Recommendations and Protocols with an aim of protecting the rights of the
working class of the world. The ILO labour conventions are totally binding on
the member countries who ratify them.

it comes to India, the ever growing working population of the country demands
for a standard to be set and followed upon in terms of labour laws and the
related. India, thus, has been associated with ILO since its inception and is
one of the founding members of it. India has effectively contributed in the
construction and codification of these standards based on the interest and ever
changing dynamics of the society. Labour laws and reforms in India have been a
subject of ultimate controversy and debate. Labour laws in India for the first
were introduced by the Factories Act of 1883 and the first ever law regulating
the relation between the employer and its workmen was the Trade Disputes Act of
1929. The Constitution of India also promulgates and safeguards the interest of
labour via Chapter III and IV; it is a concurrent subject.

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paper will thus make an attempt to examine the extent to which India has abided
and complied by the rules of the international labour standards in this rapidly
changing world. The same would be further supported by relevant case law and
the legislation. The paper will briefly also talk about India’s stand on
various ratifications, progressive implementations and acquiescence of ILO

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