By on. Some important composers of the 20th

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By the turn of the century and for the next few decades, artists of all nationalities were
searching for exciting and different modes of expression. Composers such as Arnold
Schoenberg explored unusual and unorthodox harmonies and tonal schemes. French
composer Claude Debussy was fascinated by Eastern music and the whole-tone scale,
and created a style of music named after the movement in French painting called
Impressionism. Hungarian composer Bla Bartk continued in the traditions of the still
strong Nationalist movement and fused the music of Hungarian peasants with twentieth
century forms. Avant-garde composers such as Edgard Varse explored the manipulation
of rhythms rather than the usual melodic/harmonic schemes.The tried and true genre of
the symphony, albeit somewhat modified by this time, attracted such masters as Gustav
Mahler and Dmitri Shostakovich, while Igor Stravinsky gave full rein to his manipulation
of kaleidoscopic rhythms and instrumental colors throughout his extremely long and
varied career.

While many composers throughout the twentieth-century experimented in new ways
With traditional instruments such as the “prepared piano” used by American composer
John Cage, many of the twentieth-century’s greatest composers, such as Italian opera
composer Giacomo Puccini and the Russian pianist/composer Sergei Rachmaninoff,
remained true to the traditional forms of music history. In addition to new and eclectic
styles of musical trends, the twentieth century boasts numerous composers whose
harmonic and melodic styles an average listener can still easily appreciate and enjoy.

The advance of technology has also had an enormous impact on the evolution of
music in this century, with some composers using, for instance, the cassette player as a
compositional tool or electronically generated sounds alongside classical instruments,
the use of computers to compose music, and so on.

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Some important composers of the 20th century were Leos Jancek 1854-1928, Claude
Debussy 1862-1918, Richard Strauss 1864-1949, Carl August Nielsen 1865-1931, Arnold
Schnberg 1874-1951, Ralph Vaughan Williams 1872-1958, Maurice Ravel 1875-1937,
Bla Bartk 1881-1945, Igor Stravinsky 1882-1971, Anton von Webern 1883-1945,
Alban Berg 1885-1935, Sergei Prokofiev 1891-1953, Paul Hindemith 1895-1963, George
Gershwin 1898-1937, Kurt Weill 1900-1950, Aaron Copland 1900-1990, Olivier
Messiaen 1908-1992, and John Cage 1912-1992.

Categories: Artists


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