2.4 Definite articles in English The definite article,

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2.4
Definite articles in English

          The definite article, more commonly known as the word the, is used with nouns – plural and
singular – for various reasons and in many situations. It is acclimated in
front of a noun when the listener or reader knows exactly what the speaker is
referring to. It refers to a particular member of a group or class. It can be anything
that the speaker is referring back to, or it could also be anything that the
speaker wants to specify. This article can also sometimes be used with proper
nouns. The use of the definite article can be divided in 17 cases. These cases
are:

1.     
To
refer to something which has already been mentioned;

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Example:         An emu
and a cat fell in love. The cat loved the emu’s tall neck, and the emu
loved the cat’s little paws;

                        A woman fell 2
meters from a tree. The woman fell while collecting apples;

                        Then a man leaped out a
knife. The robber struck on northbound carriageway.

2.     
When
both the speaker and listener know what is being talked about, even if it has
not been mentioned before;

Example:         ‘Where
is the bedroom?’

‘It is on the second
floor’

3.     
In
clauses and sentences where a specific object or person is being identified or defined;

Example:         The
man who wrote this book is popular.

4.     
To
refer to unique objects;

Example:         The
sun, the Moon, the world, the Eiffel Tower;

                        He
wishes he could fly to the moon.

5.     
Before
superlatives and ordinal numbers (only, last, first, second);

Example:         The
first page, the highest building, the last chapter

6.     
With
adjectives, to refer to a whole group of people (as plural nouns), families,
nationalities ending in – sh; – ch; – ese;

Example:         The
Japanese, the old, the French;

                        But
she has gained a lot attention from the French.

7.     
With
the words: beach, cinema, country (side), ground, jungle, radio, sea, seaside,
theatre, world, station, shop, pub, library, meals (modified by a limited
attribute);

Example:         She
went to the station to meet Larry;

                        The
breakfast at Nobis Hotel will change over time and season.

8.     
Before
‘most’ (as a superlative);

Example:         He
is the most handsome man;

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